The Lost World of Adam and Eve

I am currently making my way through John Walton's The Lost World of Adam and Eve, it is an interesting book in a genre of reinterpretations of Genesis 1-3 (and 1-11) that seek to reconcile scriptural teachings with modern science. I will save further comments on the main theses of the book for when I am finished. However, I was struck by, what I take, to be a rather silly comment. It ranks right up there with the claim that ancient people had no concept of the "individual", of course this is fine in a sense. If we take it in a sociological model, and the self being walled in by culture, then sure people conceived of themselves in a wider whole. That doesn't mean that they were not cognizant of their individuality. Cognizance of out individuality is simply an a priori of human cognition, it is one of the only thing we are certain of in life. When we say "I am having a feeling" or "I am thinking" this is as certain as things get for us.

So what is Walton's silly comment? This:

Absence of order describes nonexistence; to bara something brings it into existence by giving it a role and a function in an ordered system. This is not the sort of origins account that we would expect in our modern world...
I have a hard time with claims like this. We know that at least as far back as Parmenides questions of existence and non-existence were talked about in terms of non-being (the absence) of all being. I am also sure that Parmenides was not the first to hit upon such a notion. I need to research this question a little more to see how far back these ideas go, but suffice to say speaking of non-existence in terms of non-being is not a modern invention. It isn't because we are so advanced that we have notions of being and non-being, those concepts are foundations of human thought. Anyway, that is all I've got for now. 

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